Within a specific range of sizes and actions, plastic worms are the most versatile and most effective tools to use for smallmouths in lakes. The right worm is 4 to 5 inches long and relatively thin.
Smallmouths often suspend over relatively deep water in reservoirs and natural lakes in summer, when baitfish populations peak. In reservoirs, they tend to follow shad or shiners.
Smallmouths can winter deep in reservoirs, down to 50 feet or deeper. Wherever 50-foot flats exist, that's where they'll be whether it's in a creek arm or the main reservoir.
It's typical to have smallmouths congregate on humps and sunken islands that top out at 15 to 25 feet deep during fall in natural lakes.
The fundamental livebait rig consists of a slipsinker sliding on the main line, followed by a snell consisting of a swivel, length of line, and hook.
A livebait leech, minnow, or nightcrawler suspended below a float (bobber) is one of the most efficient ways to target walleyes that are gathered in relatively confined areas.
Flash lures are one of the most popular jigging lures for ice fishing. Potential jigging sequences are limited only by your imagination and your interpretation of how fish are reacting.
Swimming lures designed to represent real baitfish are great wintertime baits. They tend to work best in clear water and specific spots, particularly during the changing light periods of dawn and dusk, when walleyes commonly feed during the winter period.